Entries by Sarah Condor

Nandrolone in Judo? Bouras v. IJF

The case is that of Bouras v. International Judo Federation (Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) Lausanne, 20.12.99, CAS 99/A/230). What was at issue for Bouras was the length of suspension and whether the results achieved while the doping tests had not yet been announced were valid and the athlete could thus keep his trophies. Djamel […]

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May a Banned Athlete Sue for Economic Damages?

The issue above was answered by the High Court in 1997 in the case of Edvards v. BAF (High Court of Justice, Chancery Division, United Kingdom, 23.6.97). Let us examine it closer. The substance in question in the case below is not mentioned. However, we know that the most favored anabolic steroid among powerlifters is […]

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Nandrolone in Long Distance Swimming

Nandrolone is one of the powerful androgenic steroids, available on the market under the trade name Deca-Durabolin. Its inevitable side effects include severe masculization in women, erectile dysfunction and gynecomastia in men, and cardiovascular damage in all. When you hear about the numerous bodybuilders who have died from heart disease or suffered from heart issues, […]

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Doping, Restraint of Trade, Denial of Natural Justice

  Case of Johnson v Athletics Canada and IAAF (Ontario Court of Justice, Canada, 25.7.97) Issues: Doping; lifetime ban; validity of sanction; restraint of trade; denial of natural justice Ben Johnson, was banned for two years in 1988 at the Olympic Games in Seoul, where he ran 100m sprint in 9.79 second! He tested positive […]

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Clenbuterol – Spiropent Abuse in Sport

I have recently seen a great increase in the abuse of the drug called Clenbuterol, available on the market under the brand name Spiropent, used by prescription only. It is a bronchodilator used for asthma. It has stimulating effects and is abused for its fat burning properties. It is on the WADA Prohibited List and […]

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Fiduciary Duty in Real Estate Transactions

When you employ a real estate broker or salesperson as your agent, you are the principal. The relationship of agent and principal is fiduciary in nature, founded on trust or confidence reposed by one person in the integrity and fidelity of another. Included in the fundamental duties of such a fiduciary are good faith and […]

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Having a Partnership Agreement Is Important

A partnership is a business where two or more people share ownership, contribute to all aspects of the business, including money, property, labor or skill. In return, each partner shares in the profits and losses of the business. There are three general types of partnership arrangements: General Partnerships assume that profits, liability and management duties are […]

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Predatory Lending

There is no simple checklist for determining whether a particular loan or loan program is predatory. Loan terms that are helpful to one borrower may be harmful to others. For example, it is important to distinguish subprime lending from predatory lending. Subprime lending includes loans to persons who present heightened credit risk because they have […]

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To Terminate or Not to Terminate

  California Labor Code §1400 affords us the following definitions: under Sec. (c) layoff means a “separation from a position for lack of funds or lack of work.” This means that there is no fault on the part of the employee for a layoff and the employee may be eligible for unemployment and other benefits. […]

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Rescission, Reformation, Replevin

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